- EU institutions and EU bodies
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Women in the Workplace 2016 is a comprehensive study of the state of women in corporate America. The study is part of a long-term partnership between LeanIn.Org and McKinsey & Company to give companies the information they need to promote female leadership and foster gendere equality in the workplace.women_in_the_workplace_2016-002
'In 2010, European Commission indicated in its report that Nordic countries were at a relatively advanced stage of evolution with many strategies in place. However, how is the situation of implementing entrepreneurship education strategy in Nordic countries now? The report aims at presenting the current status of implementing entrepreneurship education strategy in Nordic countries, as well as bringing up a range of good projects and practices for discussion of Nordic collaboration'.Publication in PDF
'In recent years, as the number of female entrepreneurs worldwide is slowly increasing, researchers and policy makers focus more on them. Denmark is one of the countries where female entrepreneurs receive increased attention. The country, which is ranking among the best countries in terms of entrepreneurship, has a great business potential and entrepreneurship conditions. Policy makers have started various initiatives to attract more women to choose entrepreneurship as a career path. However, the number of female entrepreneurs in the country remains relatively small, compared to the male-owned businesses. In this study, six women entrepreneurs, Danes and International, were invited to share their experiences about entrepreneurship.Study in PDF
'While certain aspects of banks’ behaviour have been interrogated in the wake of the financial crisis, how banks treated and continue to treat women customers is a subject that has received little attention. The findings of this research, point to the need to shine a spotlight on banks’ practices in this area, as it is pointed out that women are indeed being discriminated against in the UK. This report focuses on discrimination in two specific respects – against women entrepreneurs seeking business loans and women home-buyers seeking mortgage loans – and identifies a new category of potentially unlawful behaviour, concerning discrimination against would-be mortgage-holders who are pregnant and/or on maternity leave'.Report in PDF
“Using a large data set for Germany, we show that both the raw and the unexplained gender earnings gap are higher in self-employment than in paid employment. Applying an OaxacaBlinder decomposition, more than a quarter of the difference in monthly self-employment earnings can be traced back to women working fewer hours than men. In contrast variables like family background, working time flexibility and career aspirations do not seem to contribute much to the gender earnings gap, suggesting that self-employed women do not earn less because they are seeking work-family balance rather than profits. Differences in human capital endowments account for another 13 percent of the gap but segregation does not contribute to the gender earnings gap in a robust way”. The study can be found under the following link.
Female entrepreneurship in the European Union: are gender equality policies othering women?, Sando, V. De; Utrecht University, July 2013. “The study aims to explore the gendered construction of the entrepreneurial discourse in the EU, engaging with post-structural feminist analysis. The purpose is to investigate the practice and process of female entrepreneurship performed by European political actors, involving policy makers, experts and stakeholders across Europe. The EU is trying to tackle the lack of female entrepreneurs through gender equality policies, but they are likely to perpetrate a male-centered entrepreneurial discourse, which questions the roots of the principle of equality, as defined in the Maastricht Treaty and the European Charter of fundamental rights”. This study can be found here.